Meiosis is the cell division which leads to the production of sex cells or gametes. It takes place in the reproductive organs (testis and ovary in animals; anthers and ovary in plants).

The number of chromosomes in each daughter cell is half of that in the parent cell. Hence, this division is also called the reductional division.

In contrast to Mitosis where two daughter cells are formed, Meiosis leads to the generation of four daughter cells.





Mitosis is a cell division in which two identical daughter cells are produced by the division of one parent cell.

In this type of division, same chromosome number is maintained in all cells. Mitosis is the cell division which leads to growth and development.

As the number of chromosomes in the daughter cell remain equal to the parent cell this type of cell division is also known as equational division.